Zaneta Wood, Ed.S. has over 15 years of experience in research and technical writing bringing a keen understanding of data analysis and information synthesis to reach a wide variety of audiences. She studied adult education and instructional technology at Appalachian State University as well as technical and professional communication at East Carolina University. Zaneta has prepared technical p...

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Leslie Kasperowicz holds a BA in Social Sciences from the University of Winnipeg. She spent several years as a Farmers Insurance CSR, gaining a solid understanding of insurance products including home, life, auto, and commercial and working directly with insurance customers to understand their needs. She has since used that knowledge in her more than ten years as a writer, largely in the insurance...

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Reviewed by Leslie Kasperowicz
Farmers Insurance CSR 4 Years

UPDATED: Jul 14, 2021

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Important facts to know...

  • Bumpers are engineered to be able to absorb the impact of a low-speed collision but can still be damaged
  • If your bumper is damaged or destroyed in an accident, you’ll need collision coverage for your insurer to pay
  • Before your own policy pays, you’ll have to cover your collision deductible and the insurer will pay the remainder
  • When filing a collision claim, you may have to worry about your future personal rates going up
  • If the other party is at fault for the accident, your bumper will be covered under a third-party claim

If you collide with another car or some other object, one of the first things that is going to make contact is your bumper. A dented bumper is one of the most common damages sustained to private passengers vehicles when they are in even the lowest speed accidents.

The entire purpose of the bumper is to absorb the impact so that components under the hood shift as little as possible after a collision.

It would be very discouraging to auto insurance consumers if they learned that their bumpers weren’t covered under their insurance, especially since the bumper is designed to help mitigate loss as much as possible when there’s a collision.

Luckily, your bumper damage will be covered as long as it’s sustained in a covered loss.

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What type of bumper damage is covered?

Auto insurance isn’t meant to be some sort of warranty that covers your car bumper to bumper. If that were the case, there’d be no reason to have insurance and a warranty. Each product is necessary, but one doesn’t replace the need for the other.

Even though auto insurance is the only one legally required, you should always do a cost-benefit analysis before rejecting a warranty.

Auto insurance strictly covers damage that is sustained in a sudden and unexpected loss. If the damage to your warranty happened over time as opposed to happening suddenly, it would be excluded even if you had the appropriate coverage.

Here are examples of losses that your insurance would pay for with the right coverage:

  • Damage sustained in a multi-car collision with other vehicles and or cyclists
  • Damage sustained in a single-car accident with a pole, tree, or another object
  • Damage sustained after contact with a live animal like a deer or dog
  • Damage sustained when the vehicle is stolen and then recovered
  • Damage caused by a vandal during an act of vandalism
  • Damage sustained in a storm or after a flood
  • Damage to the bumper caused by a runaway cart in a parking lot

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What type of bumper damage isn’t covered?

There’s a long list of different types of damages that are covered, but that has to leave you wondering what type of damage is excluded. After all, it doesn’t seem like there are many forms of damage that aren’t mentioned.

While there is a tiny category of damages that aren’t covered, it’s important to know. Here’s are some of the claims that can be denied:

  • Damage sustained to the bumper when the owner intentionally strikes or damages the car
  • Damage sustained to the bumper while the vehicle is being operated by an excluded driver
  • Damage sustained when the driver intentionally causes an accident out of anger
  • Rust damage that worsens over time because of oxidation
  • Damage to the bumper after an at-fault accident when you don’t have the right physical damage coverage
  • Damage to the bumper because of a theft or vandalism without having comprehensive coverage
  • Warped or peeling paint that worsens over time

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What type of coverage do you need for an accident?

If you’re in an at-fault accident and your bumper has gotten the worst of it then you’ll need collision coverage for any type of first-party protection. Your car insurance doesn’t pay for your own repairs unless you have collision on the vehicle that’s damaged.

Collision also pays if someone runs into your bumper and they don’t have insurance as long as you pay your deductible.

What type of coverage pays for non-accident damage?

Getting in an accident is scary but you don’t have to go through all of that have damage that you need to be repaired.

If you have a mishap in a parking lot, something falls on your car, someone vandalizes the car or your bumper catches fire, you’ll need comprehensive coverage to pay for it. Comprehensive is the other half of your physical damage coverage.

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How much will your insurance pay for a bumper?

Insurance companies set limits. If there weren’t limits, you could claim thousands of dollars for a minor repair so you could get the work done at a repair shop for the stars.

The limits for third-party claims are strict but limits for your own damage claims can go up and down depending on the value of your car.

Insurance companies will only pay up to your car’s Actual Cash Value when settling a claim for any damage no matter how minor or major. Anytime the damage goes above and beyond what the market says the car is worth, the insurer will only pay the value of the car.

In addition to ACV limits, the company can also set limits to how much they will pay by the hour for labor and aftermarket parts.

What is the average cost of bumper repair?

Fixing a bumper isn’t cheap. There are Federal guidelines that say that all modern bumpers must be able to absorb the impact from an accident if you’re traveling at least five miles per hour.

Since the engineering requirements are more strict than ever, the cost to replace a bumper can be higher than you’d expect.

The cost to replace your bumper is between $100 and $1000 for just the bumper. It depends on the material that the bumper is made of and where the part was purchased.

You also have to factor in the cost to paint the bumper, which may be high depending on the paint used on the rest of the car.

Your full coverage insurance will cover the bumper damage. If you’re not to blame for the loss, file a claim against the other driver’s insurance. Don’t automatically assume that you’re fully protected.

Check your policy, price the cost to buy insurance elsewhere online, and then build a new comprehensive policy. Compare car insurance quotes and options today using our free rate comparison tool below.